Forensic archeology and anthropology

Through its assistance in excavations and examinations ICMP contributes to the detection of sites, the recovery and anthropological examination of mortal remains and the use of antemortem and postmortem records for forensic identification.
The bodies of missing persons are frequently located in mass graves and other sites reported by survivors or other witnesses. A number of methods can help pinpoint these sites, including satellite imagery, geophysical survey and spectral analysis measuring changes in the spectral signature of an area under investigation. These methods are non-invasive and do not involve disturbing the mortal remains.
By offering support for excavations and examinations ICMP is able to help national authorities, including pathologists, courts and other local mechanisms, to reinforce the rigor and reliability of evidence collection and documentation of sites, remains and associated artifacts. This support can involve site reconnaissance, locating the grave and defining its boundaries, stratigraphic excavation to the original sides and bottom of the grave, allowing for all features, bodies and evidence to be documented with 3-dimensional digital mapping techniques, body recovery, and maintenance of evidence logs. Anthropological evaluation is necessary to retain articulated or clearly associated skeletal elements.[8] These activities include training and capacity building.