After the Iraqi armed forces were driven out of Kuwait in 1991, a Tripartite Commission was created under International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) auspices to ascertain the fate of missing military personnel and civilians. Iraq withdrew from the Tripartite Commission in December 1998. In 1999 the U.N. Secretary-General appointed a High-Level Coordinator for Iraq’s compliance with its obligations regarding missing persons. The exhumation of human remains from Iraqi mass graves was being conducted by Kuwaiti search teams. Following the fall of Saddam Hussein’s regime, the Coalition Provisional Authority continued cooperation with the Tripartite Commission. However, in December 2005, the Secretary-General reported that no further remains of Kuwaiti and third-country nationals and missing persons had been identified. The fate of approximately 270 missing persons remains unknown.

Following an initiative of the Government of Kuwait, in 2006, ICMP assisted in the identification of missing persons from the conflict by providing DNA analysis.