Daily World News Digest, 3 March 2015

Cambodia: Report documents government’s ongoing failure to implement ICCPR

The International Federation of Human Rights Associations (FIDH) said in a statement issued on 3 March that the Cambodian government has failed to comply with its fundamental civil and political rights obligations. The UN Human Rights Committee will examine Cambodia’s second periodic report on implementation of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, at a session in Geneva on 17-18 March. Among other things, FIDH argues that the Cambodian government has frequently used provisions of the 2010 Criminal Code, such as defamation, insult, or incitement, to harass, threaten, and arbitrarily detain human rights defenders, activists, and opposition politicians. It says trafficking of men and women for labor, mostly to Thailand and Malaysia, also remains a serious issue of concern. http://bit.ly/1DMal5L

Australia: Press Laos to respect rights

Human Rights Watch issued a statement on 2 March calling on Australia to use its…

Global Missing Persons Trends

Vito Manzari from Martina Franca (TA), Italy - Immigrati Lampedusa
Vito Manzari from Martina Franca (TA), Italy - Immigrati Lampedusa

ICMP’s Daily World News Digest  brings together news stories dealing with enforced disappearances and missing persons cases from around the world. It offers a snapshot of daily events and over a longer period it highlights key trends.

Migration and Missing Persons

In February, the number of migrants who are lost on the dangerous journey from North Africa and the Middle East to Europe was a major theme. On 9 February the BBC reported that at least 27 people died of hypothermia after being picked up near the Italian island of Lampedusa. They were part of a group of more than a hundred who were found adrift in an inflatable boat about 160 kilometres from Lampedusa. The rescue vessel did not have facilities to protect the migrants from the elements. This, and reports later in February, drew attention to the impact of the decision late last year to replace Italy’s “Mare…

Transparent and proactive effort to account for the missing

Town Hall Meeting in Sarajevo
Town Hall Meeting in Sarajevo

Representatives of associations of families of missing persons, the BiH Missing Persons Institute, the BiH Prosecutor’s Office, and the BiH Ministry for Human Rights and Refugees came together in a series of Town Hall meetings held throughout Bosnia and Herzegovina in February to discuss steps that must be taken in order to sustain the search for missing persons.

The meetings, organized by the International Commission on Missing Persons (ICMP) in Tuzla (3 February), Brcko (4 February), Sarajevo (10 February), Mostar (12 February) and Banja Luka (17 February), focused on the recommendations contained in BiH, Missing Persons from the Armed Conflicts of the 1990s: A Stocktaking, published by ICMP in December 2014 The book-length Stocktaking Report brings together for the first time all of the relevant information on two decades of efforts to account for the missing. It examines specific issues in Lower Podrinje, Upper Podrinje, Herzegovina, Sarajevo, Posavina, Central Bosnia,…

Gender and Armed Conflict

2014 IDoD - Sarajevo
2014 IDoD - Sarajevo

Bojana Djokanovic examines gender roles in conflict, the ways in which these roles are perceived, and the corresponding impact that conflict has on men and women.

 

To rebuild societies after conflict and to achieve lasting peace, it is imperative that women become active participants in decision-making.

The experiences of women in dealing with war – and with the legacy of war – differ greatly from those of men.

Customarily, men are combatants – and in most conflicts they account for the overwhelming majority of combat casualties and missing in action; historically, men are more likely than women to be in positions of political and military authority before and during conflict, and men are more likely to negotiate peace.

Women often assume the role of principal breadwinner and head of household when husbands leave home to join (or escape from) the military; and women are overwhelmingly more likely to be victims of sexual violence.

One…

Daily World News Digest, 2 March 2015

UN says death toll in eastern Ukraine passes 6,000

The Globe and Mail carries an Associated Press report today noting that more than 6,000 people have died in eastern Ukraine since the start of the conflict almost a year ago, according to a report issued by the UN human rights office on Monday. The report cited “credible allegations” of arbitrary detention, torture and enforced disappearances, committed mostly by armed groups but in some instances also by the Ukrainian law enforcement agencies. The displacement of one million people has also increased the risk for women from sex traffickers, the report found. http://bit.ly/1E8NBzE

US moves to deport 150 Bosnians over war crimes

The BBC reported on 1 March that US officials want to deport 150 Bosnian immigrants who are believed to have been involved in war crimes during the 1992-95 war. Citing a report in the New York Times, it says 300 people…

Daily World News Digest, 27 February 2015

Tamil organizations reject Sri Lanka’s Commission on Missing Persons

The Tamil Guardian reported on 26 February that the Tamil Civil Society Forum and the Welfare Organization for Forcibly Disappeared Persons have announced that they will boycott Sri Lanka’s Presidential Commission on Missing Persons, stating that a “credible inquiry” can “only be achieved through international means.” The groups said the Commission “continues to function under the new government without rectifying any of the concerns realized by civil society activists and those affected,” and argued that to appear before the current Commission would give it “a stamp of legitimacy”.  http://bit.ly/1LQaWHl

Violent arrests at rally for 43 missing students in Mexico

Russia Today reported on 27 February that Mexican police violently arrested protesters rallying on 26 February in Mexico City to mark the five-month anniversary of the disappearance of 43 students in Guerrero September. The spokesman for the families, Felipe de la Cruz, called…

Daily World News Digest, 26 February 2015

Human rights decline in Myanmar

The Asia Times reports today that Amnesty International’s 2014 Annual Report noted a decline in human rights standards in Myanmar despite ongoing reforms. In addition to continuing violence against the ethnic Muslim Rohingya population, Amnesty noted that President Thein Sein has failed to keep his promise to release the country’s remaining prisoners of conscience. The same report cited Amnesty’s assessment that in Vietnam, at least 60 prisoners of conscience remained jailed in harsh conditions following “unfair trials,”, while new trials and arrests took place. http://bit.ly/1DVWmeX

UK’s ‘evasion and denial’ criticized in Amnesty Report

The Daily Mail reported on 25 February that Amnesty International’s 2014 Annual Report criticizes the UK Government for its ‘evasion, denial and delays’ over establishing the truth about Britain’s complicity in torture. There had been ‘no significant progress in holding those responsible to account’, Amnesty said. Those detained under a CIA program made…

Daily World News Digest, 25 February 2015

A Camp to Find Missing People and Identify Bodies

The Times of India reports today that ten police units in the Pune area were scheduled to take part in a course on Wednesday and Thursday designed to develop capacity for locating and identifying missing persons. Police Superintendent Manoj Lohiya said the aim was to identify murder victims by learning how to connect information from different sources, for example when a missing person is reported in one district and a murder victim is found in another. Pune police failed to detect 3,344 missing persons in 2014 and 230 in 2015. http://bit.ly/1wnicav

Row in South Africa over Bodies of Nigeria Church Victims

NewVision News reported on 24 February that a row has erupted in South Africa over the identity of one of the bodies of dozens of South Africans who were killed in the collapse of a Nigerian church building last year. One…

Daily World News Digest, 24 February 2015

Kosovo’s Thaci criticized for genocide suit threat

BalkanInsight reported on 23 February that Kosovo Foreign Minister Hashim Thaci has come under criticism for saying at the weekend that Kosovo is considering suing Serbia for genocide committed during the 1998-99 conflict. “Serbia definitely committed genocide in Kosovo. We have evidence, we have testimony and the entire world knows,” he told Turkish news agency Anadolu. Thaci, who is also the deputy prime minister, said that Pristina would apply to the International Court of Justice (ICJ) after evaluating “internal and international circumstances”. This month the ICJ rejected claims by both Croatia and Serbia, who were accusing each other of genocide during the 1991-95 war. http://bit.ly/1wj1Z68

UK: Amend Modern Slavery Bill

The UK House of Lords should amend the Modern Slavery Bill to restore the right for migrant domestic workers to change employers, Human Rights Watch and the UK charity Kalayaan said today in a…

Daily World News Digest, 23 February 2015

 

New Sri Lanka prime minister vows to free ‘disappeared’

The Australian newspaper carries an interview today with the new Prime Minister of Sri Lanka, Ranil Wickremesinghe, who says that persons detained in Sri Lanka under the Prevention of Terrorism Act may soon be released. The Prime Minister said his government had demanded a full list of detainees from all security agencies. He said provision would be made for reparations to be paid to families of deceased detainees. Mr Wickremesinghe said the number of people to be released is likely to be in the hundreds. http://bit.ly/1DNhrYV

Ukraine truce opens way to address issue of combatants missing in action

The Russia Today TV station reported on 22 February that 1,500 Ukrainian soldiers have been listed as missing in action and that the Ukrainian authorities are proposing to launch a DNA identification process after collecting samples from family members. To date, 52 PoW have…