Latin America and the Caribbean

ICMP has had long-term programs in Latin America, including Colombia, Chile and El Salvador to assist these countries in resolving their sizable missing persons problems through improving their institutional capacities, technical capabilities and civil society participation. Immediately after the catastrophic 2010 earthquake in Haiti ICMP drew up a disaster victim identification strategy and deployed personnel to the country. Following an aviation accident in central Cuba in 2010 ICMP conducted an assessment of Disaster Victim Identification procedures at the request of the Cuban authorities. ICMP is also participating in efforts to address missing persons as a result of Mexico’s drug wars.

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Juliusbaxter at en.wikipedia [CC-BY-3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

Cuba

On November 4, 2010, Aero Caribbean 7L883 crashed near the city of Guasimal in the province of Sancti Spiritus in Cuba. All 68 passengers and crew were killed. Responding to a request from the Cuban authorities for Disaster Victim Identification (DVI) assistance, an INTERPOL-ICMP assessment team arrived in Havana on November 11, 2010. The Cuban […]

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Chile

In February 1991, the Chilean National Commission for Truth and Reconciliation released a reportdetailing human rights abuses resulting in deaths and disappearances during the years of military rule under Augusto Pinochet (1973 – 1990). According to the report, 2,296 people were murdered during the 17-year period. Subsequent estimates have put the number of missing as […]

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By Marco Suárez [CC-BY-2.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

Colombia

For more than 50 years, Colombia has endured an armed conflict that has claimed the lives of around 220,000 persons. According to the National Center for Historical Memory more than 80% of these victims were civilians. Human Rights Watch estimates that abuses and violence by armed groups displace 150,000 people each year, while five million Colombians […]

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By Linda Hess Miller [CC-BY-3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

El Salvador

The conflict in El Salvador emerged from a decade of political volatility during which the military establishment confronted a largely landless agrarian population. The murder, by a right-wing death squad, of Archbishop Oscar Romero in March 1980 reflected the brutality that characterized the following decade. Unofficial estimates put the number of those who went missing […]

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By UN Photo/Logan Abassi United Nations Development Programme (originally posted to Flickr as Haiti Earthquake) [CC-BY-2.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

Haiti

In January 2010 a magnitude 7.0 earthquake in Haiti left more than 300,000 people dead. The epicentre was close to the most populous city, the capital Port-au-Prince. Although international aid was quickly provided, the suddenness of the catastrophe and lack of infrastructure in the country led to a fragmented effort to locate those missing immediately […]

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Mexico

Disappearances have been a scourge of Mexican society since the student unrest that led to violent confrontations with police in 1968, and the incidence of disappearances has grown significantly with Mexico’s War on Drugs. More than 26,000 persons are estimated to have disappeared in Mexico in the last decade. According to Human Rights Watch, there […]

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